Ajay Chandrakar

CG EDUCATION SYSTEM


Due to the relentless efforts of the State Government, the literacy rate has grown significantly. According to the 2001 census report, the literacy rate of Chhattisgarh was 65.18% of which the literacy rate for men and women was 77.86% and 52.40% respectively. Education of women and that of the backward class students is given special importance. The main Centre for higher education in Chhattisgarh is the capital city of Raipur. The most important divisions of the state education system are located in this city.

The state's educational growth may not be noteworthy, but it is famous among the people for its commitment towards spreading awareness and encouraging free thinking. The state has made arrangements to provide free and mandatory education to every child till the age of 15. The state government is focusing mainly on the educational benefits for the backward classes, especially scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, so that their literacy standards and women education get a boost.

The home of Chhattisgarh's 'Shiksha Shikhar Sanstha' is the capital city of Raipur, which includes the Higher Education Board, Technical Education Department and more. The main Centre for educational activities is Raipur. Students from the neighboring states also come here to pursue their higher education.



SCHOOL EDUCATION

Normally in Chhattisgarh, children start going to school from the age of 5. A 5 year old child can get admission into standard 1st. Children also go to pre-school at the age of 3 where they are trained for primary school. The state crafts the initiatives by following the school education pattern, which is 10 + 2.

Schools in Chhattisgarh are either affiliated to the Chhattisgarh Board of Secondary Education (CGBSE), Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), or the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE).

There are two types of schools in Chhattisgarh, the ones which the Government runs and the ones which are run privately. Private schools mainly operate in towns and city Centres. The main language for teaching in the state schools is Hindi. In private schools, the language used for teaching is mainly English.



HIGHER EDUCATION

As per THE DIRECTORATE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT CHHATTISGARH (HTTP://WWW.CGDTERAIPUR.AC.IN)

The state is surging ahead on the path of development. Being a centrally located, mineral rich and power surplus state, it has caught the attention of investors all over the country, and also abroad, to establish their industry in the state. Besides imparting technical education for effectively exploiting the abundant natural resources, the Directorate of Technical Education is committed for ascertaining value-based quality education and for facilitating planned development of research and development (R&D) works.

The courses of Engineering, Technology, Management, Architecture, Computer Science and Pharmacy have been included under technical education. At present, there are 3 Government Engineering Colleges, 3 Autonomous-Self Financed Colleges and 26 Private Engineering Colleges in the state. These colleges have a total intake capacity of around 10,000 seats and they conduct various undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Engineering. Along with that, there are a total of 13 Government Polytechnics in the state and it is expected that the number will increase in the coming years. The present intake capacity of Polytechnic institutes in the state is 2385. In addition to that there are M.Tech/ME, MBA, MCA, D.Pharmacy, B.Pharmacy and M.Pharmacy courses in the state, which are being run by the private sector.

There is an Architecture course available in one of the private colleges of the state, having an admission capacity of 40. All these courses are approved by respective apex bodies like AICTE/COA/PCI.

All these technical institutes are affiliated to the Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekananda Technical University, Bhilai (except ITGGU and Dr C.V. Raman Engineering College which are affiliated to Guru Ghasidas University and Dr C.V. Raman University, Kargiroad Kota respectively). The admissions to the institutes are decided according to merit marks of a Pre Engineering Test (PET), conducted by an autonomous body, C.G. Professional Examination Board (Chhattisgarh Vyavsayik Pariksha Mandal) and of AIEEE, conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi.



EDUCATIONAL STATUS OF CHHATTISGARH

Due to the relentless efforts of the State Government, the literacy rate has grown significantly. According to the 2001 census report, the literacy rate of Chhattisgarh was 65.18% of which the literacy rate for men and women was 77.86% and 52.40% respectively. Education of women and that of the backward class students is given special importance. The main center for higher education of Chhattisgarh is in the capital city of Raipur. The most important divisions of the state education system are located in this city.




GROWTH RATES OF SCHOOLS

Total number of colleges in Chhattisgarh
Universities 22
Medical Colleges 2
Engineering Colleges 53
Polytechnic 16
Others 43
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